Cucumis Sativus Fruit Extract
Cucumis sativus (cucumber) fruit extract functions as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory agent, and skin-conditioning agent in cosmetics and personal care products.
Antioxidants is naturally found in cucumber fruit extract, ascorbic acid, beta carotene and caffeic acid. Cucumbers also contain antioxidant flavonoids, such as quercetin, apigenin, luteolin, and kaempferol, which provide additional benefits. A 2011 study published in the Archives of Dermatological Research determined that the ascorbic acid found in cucumber exhibited significant free radical scavenging activity. The researchers concluded that cucumber fruit extract warrants consideration for its potential used as an anti-wrinkle ingredient in cosmetic formulations.
Antioxidants limit oxidative damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are dangerous because they are highly reactive and will try to become more stable by ripping electrons off all nearby molecules. This is problematic because free radicals can react with important cellular structures, like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, or the cell membrane. Altogether, the damage to cells caused by free radicals is known as oxidative stress. The free radical theory of aging (FRTA) states that organisms age because cells accumulate oxidative stress caused by free radical damage over time. Thus, by using ingredients that are rich in antioxidants, like cucumber fruit extract, the skin will be better protected from free radicals.
Cucumber fruit extract also imparts anti-inflammatory effects when applied to the skin.
Cucumber fruit extract effectively hydrates and conditions the skin due to its rich composition of polysaccharides. A polysaccharide is a carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together. Polysaccharides are good water-binding agents. After topical application, they create a gel-like layer on skin that acts as a barrier to attract and keep moisture in.
Vegan. Origin: PRC